According to an article written by healthline, it is possible for a child to have HIV. When a child has HIV, it makes the child open to different kinds of diseases and infections. This can occur as a result of having a poor immune system. This article will look at signs and causes of HIV in children.
Signs of HIV in children
You may start to notice signs of HIV in a child, when the immune system becomes weak. Some of the signs includes the following:
1. Lack of energy
2. A child who is always having diarrhea
3. A child who has an infection that stays for a long time, and it doesn’t respond to treatment.
4. Experiencing weight loss.
5. Having issues with growth and development of the body.
6. A child who has swollen lymph nodes.
7. The child may start to notice skin rash.
8. The child may develop lung infection.
Causes of HIV in a child
According to healthline, the following are causes of HIV in a child:
1. Vertical transmission
This is when a child is born with HIV, or gets it immediately after birth. A child can get HIV when he passes through the placenta, during delivery when there is a transfer of blood and through breastfeeding.
2. Horizontal transmission
This can occur when there is a contact with semen, vaginal fluid or blood that contains HIV. Intimacy is a very common method of passing HIV, especially when done without protection.
It is important that a pregnant woman who has HIV should go through antiretroviral therapy, to prevent the child from getting HIV.