Have you recently discovered an infestation, but aren’t sure how to get rid of rats without poison? Are you concerned about harming the rats or even harming yourself with noxious chemicals?
This is actually a common problem for people who have noticed rats living in their midst. One solution is of course to coexist with them peacefully, but naturally, you may not want to do that because they can spread disease, eat your food, and leave their little “presents” everywhere for you to clean up.
Instead of going on a killing spree, though, here are some suggestions for how to get rid of rats without poison or inhumane traps:
1) Make or Buy a Humane Trap
We’re going to take a two-pronged approach to this issue: First, we’re going to catch the rats, then we’re going to take measures to deter any new ones from moving in. For this first step, we’re going to need to set up some humane rat traps. Traditional rat traps kill rodents, often slowly through painful suffocation or drowning.
Instead, we’re going to take a catch-and-release philosophy. You can often go to a home improvement store and find no-kill rat traps, but you can also make one at home with a large bucket or trash bin:
Find a small pole of wood or metal, less than an inch or so in diameter. Actually, you can even use a wire. Make two holes directly across from each other near the rim of the bucket or trash bin that are big enough to allow you to suspend the stick or wire over the middle of the bucket.
Find a soda can and make a hole at the top and the bottom that you can thread the pole or wire through. After that, fit that middle pole or wire through the holes you made in the bucket so that everything cuts across the top of the bucket. The idea is that the can in the middle kind of rolls along an axis, so it’s unstable. If it doesn’t roll around like a flimsy toilet paper tube, then you might need to tweak the sizes of the holes a bit.
Take some scrap wood and make a ramp going up the side of the bucket or trash bin so that the rats can climb into it.
Smear peanut butter all over the soda can.
Leave a trail of peanut butter going up the ramp and onto the middle tube.
What’s supposed to happen here is that the hungry rats climb onto that unstable cylinder in the middle and fall into the bucket. Some people who intend to kill the rats fill the bucket with water, but since we’re trying to keep them alive, just an empty bucket will do. If you want to be nice, you can also fill it with some food and a dish of water, so that the rats don’t get too hungry or thirsty while they wait for you to find them. (Rodents have fast metabolisms.)
Make sure the bucket is tall enough that the rats can’t jump out. Rats can actually jump pretty high, so you may want to use something as high as a trash can.
Once you’ve collected some rats, take them outside somewhere nearby (if you take them from an urban area out to the woods, they will probably die). You don’t want to release them much more than an acre or so away; they are likely to die if released too far from their familiar territory.
After you’ve done that (or even at the same time), you can start rat-proofing your home:
2) Get Rid of Rats Without Poison By Making Your House Uninteresting
There’s no need to use poison when your house is of no interest to rats. How do you make your home less of a rat party spot? Make food inaccessible!
Rats can chew through flimsy containers fairly easily, so you might want to shop for some rat-proof, metal containers for your pantry. You could also consider putting your food somewhere that rats would be unable to reach, like your fridge.
3) Use Natural Rat Repellent
Like a lot of small animals, rats are sensitive to smells, so you may want to buy or make some spray out of a strong essential oil. You could try peppermint or even a cayenne pepper mixture. Spread that all around the problem areas to keep them from coming back.
4) Blast Annoying Sounds to Get Rid of Rats and Mice
Some animals (including humans) are repelled by high-pitched sounds. There are some useful sonic animal repellents on the market that don’t harm the animals but keep them away with a high-pitched whir that most humans will be unable to hear.
Be forewarned, though: I said “most” for a reason. Some people—especially young people—can actually hear these sounds, and if they can it will drive them nuts. You may also unknowingly repel other, more desirable animals, so make sure you choose the product wisely. Look through the reviews carefully.
5) Seal All Points of Entry
Finally, as with any other kind of pest control, investigate to see where the rats are coming from and seal the entry points as best you can. This may not always be effective (especially if your house is made of wood) because rats can chew through a lot of materials. However, if you followed all of the advice above, then your home will be a lot less attractive to them, and they won’t be as incentivized to chew through your walls.
Keep your humane rat traps around for any stragglers and check them every few hours. Eventually, if you’ve rat-proofed your home, kept spraying repellent, and sealed all the points of entry, you should be seeing fewer and fewer rats showing up.
If this doesn’t solve your problem, you may need to call in a professional. It might be harder to find one that doesn’t use poison, but if you would really rather not hurt the rats, the peace of mind can be worth it.