According to “Healthline”, some of the bodily changes that will likely occur in a woman during the period of pregnancy include.
1. Changes in vision
Some women experience vision changes while they are pregnant, characterized by increased nearsightedness. Experts don’t know the exert biological mechanisms for vision changes. Most women return to prepregnancy vision after child delivery.
Common changes during pregnancy encompass blurriness and discomfort with contact lenses. Pregnant women often pass through an increase in intraocular pressure. Women with preeclampsia or gestational diabetes may be at a spiked risk of uncommon eye problems, such as retinal detachment or vision loss.
2. Cervical changes
The cervix pass through physical changes during pregnancy and childbirth. In many women, the tissue of the cervix gets thick and becomes firm and glandular. Up to a few weeks before childbirth, the cervix may become soft and dilate slightly from the pressure of the developing baby.
In early pregnancy, the cervix makes a thick mucus plug to seal off the womb. The plug is often released in late pregnancy or during delivery. This is also known as a bloody show. Mucous streaked with a small amount of blood is common as the womb prepares for labour. Before delivery, the cervix dilates significantly, gets soft, and thins, allowing the baby to pass via the birth canal.
3. Stretch marks
Stretch marks are perhaps the most popular skin change of pregnancy. They’re triggered by a combination of physical stretching of the skin and the effects of changes in hormones on the skin’s elasticity. Up to ninety per cent of women develop stretch marks by the third trimester of pregnancy, mostly on the breasts and abdomen. Although the pinkish-purple stretch marks may never fully go away, they often fade to the colour of surrounding skin and reduce in size postpartum. Stretch marks can be itchy, so do apply creams to soften and lessen the urge to scratch and possibly damage the skin.
4. Heartbeat and blood volume during pregnancy
During the second trimester of pregnancy, the heart of a woman at rest is working 30% to 50% harder. Most of this increase is a result of a more efficiently functional heart, which ejects more blood at each beat. Heart rate may increase up to 15% to 20% during pregnancy. It’s not rare to approach 90 to 100 beats in a minute in the third trimester. Blood volume increases progressively during pregnancy until the last month. The volume of plasma increases by 40% to 50% and red blood cell mass by 20% to 30%, creating a need for increased iron and folic acid consumption.
5. Hair and nail changes
Most women experience changes in hair and nail growth during pregnancy. Changes in hormones can in some circumstances lead to excessive hair shedding or hair loss. This is particularly true in women with a family history of female alopecia.
But several women experience hair growth and thickening during pregnancy and may even discover hair growth in unwanted places. Hair growth on the face, arms, legs, or back can happen. Most changes in hair growth return to normal after the baby is birthed. It’s common, however, for loss of hair or increased shedding to happen up to a year postpartum, as hair follicles and levels of hormone regulate themselves without the influence of pregnancy hormones.
Several women also experience faster nail growth while they are pregnant. Consuming enough foods and taking prenatal vitamins to add to the growth hormones of pregnancy.
6. Taste and smell changes
Several women experience changes in their sense of taste while they are pregnant. They usually prefer saltier foods and sweeter foods than non-pregnant women. They also have a greater threshold for strong sour, salty, and sweet tastes. Dysgeusia, the lessening in the ability to taste, is most commonly experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Some taste preferences may differ by trimester. Although most women experience a dulled sense of taste for a short period postpartum, they normally regain full taste ability after pregnancy. Some women also experience a metallic taste in the mouth while they are pregnant. This can worsen nausea and may show an imbalance in nutrients.
At times, pregnant women also complain of changes in their sense of smell. Most women describe a heightened awareness and sensitivity to different odours. There’s little consistent and reliable data showing that pregnant women discover and identify some kind of odours and intensity of odours more than non-pregnant women. Nevertheless, the great majority of pregnant women report a perceived increase in their sensitivity to odours.